Thursday 18 July 2024 06:23:25 PHT

Hiligaynon-English Dictionary

Search the complete text of Kaufmann's 1934 Visayan-English Dictionary.


This web page can be used to look-up entries in John Kaufmann's Visayan-English Dictionary (Kapulúñgan Binisayá-Ininglís).

The entire dictionary has been digitized, with the following editorial changes.

  • The tildes on n and g have been removed. The original dictionary was inconsistent in their usage, and they do not occur in the normal orthography of Hiligaynon.
  • The use of italic vowels to indicate a final glottal stop (cut-short vowel) has been replaced by the system conventionally used in the Philippines. That is, the acute accent (´) is used to indicate stress, the grave accent (`) to indicate a following glottal stop, and the circumflex (^) when both occur together.
  • Obvious typographic errors have been corrected.

No further changes to the original content have been made.


You can search this dictionary in three ways.

  • By head word (default). Here your search will be restricted to the original headwords.
  • By Hiligaynon words. Here all entries containing the Hiligaynon word will be returned. Note that for common words, such as "ang", almost all entries will be returned.
  • By English words. Hera all entries containing the English word will be returned. Note that for common words, suchs as "to", almost all entries will be returned.

In all search modes, you can use wildcards. Use a star to represent a range of letters you don't know, for example, type sea* to find all words starting with sea. Type l???p to find all five letter words starting with an l and ending with a p.

Cross references in the dictionary are hyperlinks, and can be used to quickly go to the head word referenced to.

Usage Hints

Sometimes, current spelling includes a y between two vowels, where this dictionary does not. Instead of siyempre, just write siempre.

When searching for the Hiligynon equivalent of an English word, you may have many matches in the example sentences. Don't worry, they are a great opportunity to learn!

For some grammar hints, search for prefix* and suffix* in this dictionary.

Most cross-references are already made into hyperlinks. However, you can also select a word, and drag it into the search box with most browsers.

For lovers of statistics: this dictionary contains 23557 entries, 191698 Hiligaynon, 433504 English, and 2823 Spanish words. The original dictionary has 1036 pages, and the master database file is 4.43 megabytes.



Madámù nga salámat to the dedicated volunteer proofreaders for making this on-line dictionary possible! Please help making more Philippine works (including dictionaries) available online by proofreading at Project Gutenberg Distributed Proofreaders in the US or Canada.